List of Vitamin B12-Rich Foods

Vitamin B12-rich foods play a significant role in a variety of critical bodily processes. It is necessary for building your nerves strong, promoting the creation of DNA and red blood cells, and ensuring that your brain continues to work normally. Because your body is unable of producing vitamin B12 on its own, you must obtain this critical ingredient either through the Vitamin B12-rich foods you eat or through the use of dietary supplements. Individuals who are in danger of deficiency, such as vegetarians, women who can bear children, and others, may want to keep a close eye on their diets to ensure that they are obtaining sufficient amounts of the necessary nutrients.

The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is around 2.4 mcg, however, it is recommended that women who are pregnant or nursing consume a slightly larger amount. A protein known as an intrinsic factor is responsible for assisting in the digestion and absorption of vitamin B12 in the stomach. This chemical attaches itself to the molecule of vitamin B12, so facilitating the absorption of that vitamin by your blood and cells. Your liver will store any vitamin B12 that is in excess. If you ingest more than the recommended daily intake, your body will store the excess for later use.

What are vitamin b12-rich foods?

If your body does not create adequate intrinsic factors or if you do not consume sufficient quantities of Vitamin B12-rich foods, you may experience a vitamin B12 shortage. Vitamin B12 is almost exclusively found in foods derived from animals, particularly in meats and dairy products. But, for people following plant-based diets, foods that have been fortified with this vitamin might be useful sources of it. Individuals who have been associated with vitamin B12 deficiency, such as older persons, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, vegetarians and vegans, people with digestive difficulties, and people who have had stomach surgery, are encouraged to take vitamin B12-rich foods or supplements.

Since the vitamin B12 found in supplements is synthetic, just like the vitamin B12 found in fortified foods, it is safe for vegans to consume. There is a wide variety of format options available for vitamin B12 capsules. You can put them underneath your tongue, chew on them, consume them whole, or even sip them. You may also receive vitamin B12 through injection from a medical expert. Both injecting vitamin B12 into the muscle and taking vitamin B12 orally have been demonstrated to be equally efficient at boosting B12 concentrations in those who have deficiencies in this vitamin. According to the findings of one research, individuals with low amounts of vitamin B12 were able to restore their stockpiles after receiving injections or tablets for ninety days.

Following are the vitamin b12-rich foods

Internal organs from animals

It’s no secret that organ meats are extremely healthy. Vitamin B12 is prevalent in lamb organ meats like the liver and kidneys. Lamb liver, in only one 3.5-ounce (100-gram) portion, has an amazing 3,571% of DV for vitamin B12. However, the 3,000% DV found in 3.5 ounces of beef or veal liver remains greater than the 1,500% DV found in lamb liver (100 grams). It is an excellent source of iron, zinc, and vitamins A and B2. It also contains copper and selenium in high concentrations. Kidneys from other red meats like lamb, veal, and beef are also a good source of vitamin B12. More than 100% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin B2 and selenium may be found in just one 3.5-ounce (100-gram) meal of lamb kidneys.


Clams are a type of shellfish that are typically tiny, chewy, and rich in many nutrients. This mollusk is an excellent source of lean protein and has exceptionally high levels of vitamin B12 in its composition. It only takes twenty little clams to equal more than 7,000% of the daily value (190 grams). Clams, particularly whole baby clams, are an excellent source of iron; a portion size of 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of clams contains about 200 percent of the daily need for iron. In addition, research has shown that clams are an excellent source of antioxidants. It’s worth noting that the liquid left over after boiling clams is similarly rich in vitamin B12. It has been demonstrated that 3.5 ounces of canned clam broth contain 113–588% of the daily value (100 grams).


Sardines are a type of tiny fish found in seawater that has delicate bones. Even while you can have them fresh, they are most commonly found in cans filled with water, oil, or various sauces. As they contain sufficient quantities of virtually all nutrients, sardines are regarded as one of the healthiest seafood options. A meal of sardines that have been drained contains 554% of the daily value of vitamin B12. One cup of sardines weighs 150 grams. In addition, sardines are a fantastic source of omega-3 fatty acids, that are found to bring a variety of advantages to one’s health, including the reduction of inflammation and an improvement in the health of one’s heart.


Vitamin B12 can be found in very high concentrations in beef. A single roasted flat iron steak (approximately 190 grams) has a vitamin B12 content that is equivalent to 467% of the daily value. Additionally, one serving of steak provides more than one hundred percent of the daily value for the minerals selenium and zinc, in addition to appropriate quantities of vitamins B2, B3, and B6. You must choose cuts of beef that are low in fat if you are searching for increased amounts of vitamin B12. To maintain the level of vitamin B12 in the food, grilling or roasting it is recommended rather than frying it.

Added-nutrient breakfast cereal

Since it is synthetically produced and not sourced from animals, this B12 supplement may be suitable for vegetarians and vegans. Fortified cereals are a fantastic way to get your B vitamins, especially B12. The term “food fortification” refers to the practice of supplying nutrients to food that were not previously there. Good quantities of vitamin A, folate, and iron are also included in the same serving size of this cereal, along with 29% of the DV for vitamin B6. Vitamin B12 levels can be raised with regular consumption of fortified cereals, as shown by the study. Vitamin B12 levels were shown to increase in a study when individuals consumed fortified cereal with 4.8 mcg of vitamin B12 daily for 14 weeks. Select fortified cereal that is minimal in sugar and a good source of fiber or whole grains if you want to utilize it to boost your vitamin B12 consumption.


Tuna is a delicious and nutritious fish that is eaten regularly and is a good source of protein, nutrients, and vitamins. It is notably abundant in the muscles that lie directly beneath the surface of the skin and are referred to as the “black muscles.” Tuna that has been cooked offers 453% of the daily value for the vitamin in a portion of the food of 3.5 ounces (100 grams). This same portion size also contains a respectable quantity of high-quality protein, calcium, and selenium, as well as vitamins A and B3. Additionally, canned tuna has a respectable quantity of vitamin B12 in it. One can (142 grams) of light tuna packed in liquid contains 152% of the daily value for that particular nutrient.

Yeast nourishment that has been fortified

As a vegan, you may get a healthy dose of protein, vitamins, and minerals from nutritional yeast. It’s a type of yeast that is grown for human consumption rather than for use as a leavening ingredient in baked goods and alcoholic beverages. Vitamin B12 is not found in nutritional yeast. But it’s usually fortified, so it’s a good supply of the nutrient.

Nutritional yeast, measured in grams, can provide up to 733% of the daily value for vitamin B12 in just two tablespoons (15 grams). One study indicated that raw vegans whose diets included nutritional yeast had higher intakes of vitamin B12 and fewer indicators of B12 insufficiency than those who did not.


Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in high proportions in salmon, making it a popular food choice. Additionally, it contains a high concentration of vitamin B. Twenty-eight percent of the daily value for vitamin B12 can be found in a single fried salmon fillet (178 grams). Omega-3 fatty acids at 4,123 milligrams per serving are possible. The salmon is heavy in both fat and protein; a half fillet has roughly 40 grams of protein (178 grams).


Eggs are an excellent source of all nine essential amino acids, as well as the B vitamins (particularly B2 and B12). Roughly 46% of the DV for vitamin B12 and 39% of the DV for vitamin B2 can be found in just two big eggs (100 grams). The vitamin B12 content of egg yolks is greater than that of egg whites. Egg yolks are a good source of B12, and the vitamin is more easily absorbed there than in other foods. In light of this, it is suggested that you consume complete eggs rather than only the whites. You will receive an adequate quantity of vitamin D in conjunction with the vitamin B12 you need. Two big eggs supply 11% of the DV, making them one of the few naturally-occurring sources.

The Bottom Line

Vitamin B12-rich foods are required for your body to carry out a variety of vital processes. It is present in significant quantities in animal products, meals that have been fortified, and nutritional supplements. Liver, steak, and milk products are a few of the foods that are particularly high in this nutrient. Consuming these products may significantly enhance your general health, which is beneficial whether your goal is to stock up on vitamin reserves or to avoid developing deficiencies. Vitamin B12 is a vital component, and if you don’t get enough of it, it can cause serious health problems and consequences. A sufficient quantity can be obtained from food by those who consume a diet that is rich in variety and who are normally in excellent health.

On the other hand, persons who consume a vegan diet, are over the age of 65, take certain drugs, or suffer from gastrointestinal disorders, and are more likely to be deficient in a nutrient. These individuals may choose to take a dietary supplement instead of consulting their physician, who may instead advise them to have vitamin B12 injections. Be cautious of information sources that suggest foods like seaweeds provide appropriate levels of vitamin B12, especially if you follow a vegetarian diet or a diet that focuses mostly on fruits and vegetables. According to the study, this is not accurate, and people who follow a plant-based diet should be sure to incorporate fortified foods and supplements in their diet. If an individual has any concerns about taking nutritional supplements, they must discuss them with their primary care physician.