What is labile hypertension (high blood pressure)?


The meaning of labile is simply variable. High blood pressure is also called as hypertension. It takes place if there are any recurring or prompt transformations in individual’s blood pressure from usual to abnormal levels. Labile hypertension takes place normally at pressurising circumstances.

Variance of individual’s blood pressure during a day is usual. Physical actions, consumption of salt, caffeine, alcoholic drinks, nap, and emotional pressure may affect the blood pressure. Such sway in blood pressure is abnormal.

What are the reasons for occurrence of labile hypertension?

Labile hypertension is caused due to unanticipated variances in blood pressure levels. Labile hypertension is a term which is used to explain when individuals experience sudden change from being abnormally high and back to its normal levels.

Individuals suffering from labile hypertension experience high cardiac outcome and low peripheral resistance when compared other individuals. The two significant indicators contributing to the occurrence of labile hypertension are behavioral and lifestyle.

Labile hypertension is considered to be important threat factor which may result in stroke or cardiovascular disease in short know as CVD. Few steps for avoiding severe troubles include quitting smoking, reduced intake of salt components, caffeine and alcoholic consumption. As stress is considered to be an important reason of labile hypertension usual diagnosis includes prescribed medicines like anti-anxiety drugs which decrease emotional stress and threat of labile hypertension.

Indicators of labile hypertension

Usually labile hypertension does not lead to any signs during variations in blood pressure levels. Changes in blood pressure measurement normally occur without any obstruction. In case the normal blood pressure unusually high the indicators would be- Headache, heart palpitations, flushing and tinnitus.

Usually abnormal rise in blood pressure may harm the heart and also remaining organs which injure blood vessels, eye movement and heart. Abnormal rise in blood pressure may also injure the arteries present around the kidneys hence restricting the blood to deliver.

As a result of inconsistent blood pressure variances it may lead to further harm to individuals with a heart or blood vessel problems like angina, cerebral aneurysm and aortic aneurysm. Uncontrollable pressure in blood may result in additional troubles like vascular dementia because the narrow arteries may decrease and restrict the blood flow to the brain.

Situations leading to hypertension

Labile hypertension physical signs are not prevalent in all individuals.

In case of presence of any physical signs the following are included:

  • Headache
  • Heart palpitations
  • Flushing
  • Ringing in ears (tinnitus)

Types of hyper tensions

There are two various kinds of hypertension. However, the basic methods as to which the blood pressure varies or changes from being normal to abnormally high does not vary and it remains the same.

  • One kind of hypertension is labile hypertension. In general it takes place at the time of emotional or social stress. It may not physically show any signs. Presently there are certain restrictions regarding the present information following the methods of labile hypertension and specialists are still in the search of future medical supervision.
  • Another kind of hypertension is called paroxysmal hypertension. It takes place inconsistently during the daytime however it is said that paroxysmal hypertension are caused by reserved distraught emotions such as severe terror as a result of earlier period distress. Few physical signs that accompany the above mentioned conditions also include head pain, weak point and terror. Paroxysmal hypertension is considered to be different from panic attack in which they are characterised with tremendous increase in blood pressure which is not a result of terror.  In case of panic attacks the increase of blood pressure is usually placid. It is usually caused due to terror or panic attacks. There is a small percentage approximately 2% who raises suspicion for have pheochromocytoma which is a tumour in the adrenal glands. Such process includes sympathetic nervous system and the diagnosis available for curing labile hypertension.

Difference between labile hypertension and paroxysmal hypertension

Labile hypertension and paroxysmal hypertension are dual conditions in which blood pressure vary broadly among usual and elevated levels.

Paroxysmal hypertension is known as a kind of labile high blood pressure in certain cases; however certain variations among them are prevalent.

Labile hypertension normally occurs when circumstances are emotionally pressurising. Signs can or cannot be prevalent. The hypertension that takes place at random or arbitrarily is called paroxysmal hypertension. However withdrawn emotional situation as a result of previous distress can be the reason of such hypertension.

The tumor in adrenal glands resulting in paroxysmal hypertension is very rare. Only 2 out of 100 situations cause such problems. The tumor has another name called pheochromocytoma.

Diagnosis alternatives

A particular norm is not present regarding the diagnosis of labile hypertension. Your therapist may check the blood pressure all day to check the time and fluctuation rates.

Medicines used in curing blood pressure such as diuretics or ACE inhibitors are not useful in curing labile hypertension.

As an alternative anti-anxiety medicines might be prescribed by your doctor to assist in management fearful and pressurising conditions. Anti-anxiety medicines for short duration and circumstantial diagnosis are:

  • Alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Clonazepam (Klonopin)
  • Diazepam (Valium)
  • Lorazepam (Ativan)

Long duration diagnosis of anxiety necessary for everyday medicine shall comprise of drugs such as paroxetine (Paxil), sartraline (Zoloft), escitalopram (Lexapro), and citalopram (Celexa). They are called SSRIs.

Various kinds of hypertension are cured by medicines called beta-blockers. Labile and paroxysmal hypertensions are cured with the help of beta-blockers due to their contact with nervous system.

Signs such as flushing, palpitations or headaches are decreased by beta blockers. They are not used to reduce blood pressure. They are frequently utilised along with anti-anxiety diagnosis. Few regularly used beta-blockers in certain situations are:

  • Atenolol (Tenormin)
  • Bisoprolol (Zebeta)
  • Nadolol (Corgard)
  • Betaxolol (Kerlone)

In case you sense labile hypertension prior to the surgery or a medicinal process, the medicines shall be provided prior to the process.

To verify the blood pressure timely at home purchasing a precise blood pressure monitor might be necessary. They are available in medicinal stores or pharmaceutical stores. A store executive or pharmacist can be consulted to help to find the right drug to make sure you receive a precise amount.

Daily monitoring of blood pressure is not advisable as such practise may lead to increased nervousness regarding the blood pressure making it more problematic.

Steps for avoiding labile hypertension

To avoid any further problems of labile hypertension here are the steps to be followed:

  • Avoid to smoking,
  • limit salt consumption
  • limit caffeine consumption
  • Avoid alcohol
  • controlling pressure levels, exercise, meditation, deep breaths, practicing yoga and massage are considered to be pressure decreasing methods.
  • Anti-anxiety drugs.

Rest and breathing might be considered intensely for some time prior to the measurement of blood pressure.


An impermanent raise of blood pressure may cause burden on heart and remaining organs. In case the increase in blood pressure occurs frequently it might result in harm to kidneys, blood levels, eyes and heart.

Changes in blood pressures considered to be specifically hazardous for individuals having pre-existing heart or blood level situations such as angina, cerebral, aneurysm, or aortic aneurysm.

During old times specialists thought that labile hypertension did not cause problems like fixed hypertension. Latest studies have shown that there is high threat of heart ailments and loss of life in case labile hypertension is not cured in contrast to individuals who are cured.

In addition to heart ailments, few researches revealed that individuals having labile hypertension have high threat of kidney ailment, TIA (transient ischemic attack) and stroke.

Outcomes of hypertension on body

Hypertension is caused due to forceful flow of blood through blood vessels. Such flow of blood is considered to be good for health. Arteries and blood vessels are injured most of the time during increased blood pressure. Such an action results in severe problems and loss of life in case it is not cured.

Labile Hypertension

Usually all the specialists know about labile hypertension. Labile hypertension cannot accurately be defined or treated. The outcomes on cardiovascular are ambiguous and there is no set procedure for the diagnosis.

Individuals suffering from labile hypertension sense considerable rise in blood pressure levels. The raise in blood pressure though not always takes place due to emotional stress specially anxiety. Labile hypertension combined with certain signs like headache, palpitations, or flushing. The blood pressure generally decreases immediately with no intervention. Rise in Blood pressure levels is due to emotional stress, nervousness and anxiety.

Certain struggles are caused in individuals who sense marked rise before any medical techniques. It may few times result in postponing the relevant processes. In certain individuals prophylactic management is necessary.

Paroxysmal hypertension

Unlike labile hypertension for individuals suffering paroxysmal hypertension blood pressure increase usually takes place due to non-presence of emotional stress. Immediate increase in blood pressure occurs along with major and stressful physical signs like headache, palpitations, weakness or dyspnea. The paroxysm creates a fear of death or stroke. Fear frequent paroxysm may result in lifestyle restriction and functioning.

The prompt and serious increase in blood pressure will put individuals at jeopardy for acute cerebrovascular or CV event. However there is no information regarding its incidence.


Till present hypertension diagnosis has fixed on measuring the blood pressure levels. Generally no attention is given to diagnosis and signs of labile component of increase in blood pressure levels. A very less preference is given to the medicinal diagnosis on variance, reaction and outcomes of blood pressure. Antihypertensive medicines did not decrease the Blood pressure variability.

The blood pressure reading is measured in two ways, systolic and diastolic. The systolic blood pressure represents the amount of pressure the blood is applying against artery walls during heartbeats whereas the diastolic blood pressure shows while the heart is resting between beats.

Long-term treatment of anxiety that requires daily medication would include: (Paxil), (Zoloft), (Lexapro), (Celexa). Otherwise, a prescription drug called clonidine is used to lower blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels. This will prevent life threatening problems such as stroke, heart attacks and kidney problems.


No particular process is set regarding the diagnosis of labile hypertension. As the condition is not clearly explained it is risky for the doctors to cure labile hypertension. Medicines are prescribed for individuals suffering from hypertension. Normally measurement of blood all day is advised by doctors because usually prescribed medicines are not considered to be effective.

There are certain drugs which may decrease the anxiety. They are xanax, an oral medicine which is helpful in preventing panic attacks, Klonopin which is helpful in preventing seizures, Vallium helpful in reducing anxiety effects during the prevention of alcoholic intake and Ativan taken for a less duration for 14 to 48 days to decrease anxiety.

How to manage labile hypertension?

Labile hypertension is first cured by behavioural changes. Behavioural qualities like emotional activity and mental stability should be properly administered. Anxiety is one of the common forms of mental illness; there are increasing risks that can affect physical health problems. Doctors will preferably suggest patients to monitor blood pressure at home during modification of lifestyle and behavioural changes.Hence, in order to decrease pressure and anxiety, quitting smoking and decrease in consumption of alcohol, less consumption of salt or having regular aerobic activity are few forms of therapy that assists in managing certain instances of labile hypertension.


Generally labile hypertension will not result in severe problems immediately. Blood pressure generally comeback to usual levels in less duration in consequence to a pressurizing situation.

Individuals making studies are these days believing that labile hypertension not cured may lead to troubles in the long run. There is high proof which raises an individual’s threat of heart stroke, heart ailments and any further organ threats in time in case it is not cured.

It is significant to control nervousness through drugs or relaxing methods to avoid any further problems as labile hypertension is a result of anxiety.


  1. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2013/547809/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539859/
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2217/

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