Ultra high field magnetic resonance imaging: MRI Instrumentation and Clinicalimplementation




Magnetic Resonance Imaging

“Magnetic Resonance Imaging” (MRI) is the most widely clinically used diagnostic tool for soft
tissue imaging. This advanced technology and its applications are under continuous research and
development, ranging from lower fields to ultra-high fields to the highest possible fields for
preclinical (animal) and human imaging. Formerly known as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Imaging (NMR), with the rising demands of clinical diagnosis requirements, it is under constant
development and innovation in hospitals for populations around the world because of constant
desire to go to higher fields that lead to unique research and clinical applications that aren’t
achievable with other commercially and or research technologies.

The basics of MRI

The human body is rich in hydrogen, when a human body is subjected to a large magnetic field, many of
the free hydrogen nuclei align themselves with the direction of the magnetic field. MRI works on the
principle of the directional magnetic field associated with charged particles in motion. MRI is also known
as nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, a technique used to create images of parts of the human body based
on the resonance of nuclei in motion under the effect of a magnetic field.

Overview of the book

This book’s lucid style makes it an easy read. It is written in a simple and comprehensible way,
making it easy to follow and read for a large audience ranging from students to researchers. The
areas covered include an overview of the theories and practical aspects of High-Field MRI with
each chapter Introduction, Challenges, Objectives, Methods(Materials), Results, Discussion,
FutureWworks, including basic concepts, along with research-oriented and clinical concepts,
technologies that are researched and developed, and implemented clinically, and published
nationally and internationally recognized conferences, and publications with global awards
recognition from ISMRM, TTS, and many other academic and industry organizations that are
recognized worldwide.

In this book, unexplored research theories are described along with a list of products, project
developments, and completion of major and unattempted theories, which are considered to be
challenging in high-field MRI. These unexplored research theories are further delved into to
emerge with practical and translational products, as described in various chapters. These products
are deemed to be of potential research and clinical use if implemented in clinical and hospital
settings, to help thus could the patients as well as healthy populations to improve the standard of
their lives. Advances in extremities and musculoskeletal imaging in patients undergoing
transplants, including first-ever (never been implemented) technologies such as Ultra high field
upper extremity RF coils, research publications, and intellectual properties have been explored in
detail. Another major advancement discussed in this book is the Whole-body MRI RF high density
transmit coil and receiver array designs (first evevr application of antenna design), published in
national and international journals as intellectual properties. Various other aspects of these


intellectual properties have been discussed such as instrumentation developed, design procedures,
Electromagnetic Simulations (simulated versions), Novel whole head(Brain) MRI RF array,
Innovative Visualization Techniques, Neuro and vascular flow imaging, Segmentation methods.
Regenerative Imaging, Pre and post-operative (surgical) imaging, clinical implementations, pulse
sequence developments and optimizations, imaging results with 3D volume Texture and
Visualizations, also peer research and references from around the world, plus future works, and
more have been entailed.

This is a rather different book in terms of depth and detail in which the subject is dealt with in this
book. The data is well represented with tables, equations, and nearly three hundred figures.
Combining technologies, research, and clinical applications of innovations in the field of MRI, it
is one of a kind and a treat for curious minds. The content is mainly focused on whole head
imaging, whole-body imaging, and extremity imaging, describing their clinical applications and
their implementation for high risk and high demand patient populations, healthy populations for
enhanced human anatomical, biological, functional and physiological performances in a detailed
manner. The research has been utilized by peers in their studies, research, publications, and
learning as part of the research and clinical developments, and implementations. This book
presents the author’s original research works and their applications in the real world to offer
advanced innovations to the healthcare sector and improve quality and standard of life for the
masses around the world and beyond as future goals as there are many aviations, Biomedical
Applications and projects are in demand.

The author’s research works have been published and awarded in various nationallly and internationally
recognized journals and presented in numerous conferences as well. The chapters of this book are each one
of the many research publications by the author.