1. Laboratory Standardization
2. Clinical Laboratory Harmonization
3. Lab System Management
4. Personalized Medicine
5. Clinical Laboratory Risks

Published reports in recent years have indicated a significant shift in the landscape of clinical laboratory practices. Within the framework of consolidated healthcare systems, large laboratory conglomerates are being established, incorporating facilities that showcase an array of capabilities and capacities. This realignment is being driven by a combination of factors, most notably by healthcare administrators and insurance payers determined to enhance resource efficiencies. These stakeholders are also keen on aligning clinical practices with the digital revolution sweeping across the healthcare sector, notably through the adoption of electronic medical records (EMRs) and the growing ubiquity of computerization in the laboratories.

Despite the well-intentioned motivations behind this paradigm shift, the journey to standardized practices in clinical laboratory systems is fraught with both boons and pitfalls. The need for a delicate balance becomes evident when the conflicting philosophies of various stakeholders come to light. The inherent tension between the “professionalism” endorsed by physicians and scientists and the “managerialism” advocated by administrators is shaping the current discourse on the future of clinical laboratories.

According to a critical review published in “Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences,” the landscape is laid out in stark relief. Authored by Deirdre L. Church and Christopher Naugler of the University of Calgary, the article provides a comprehensive examination of the benefits and risks of laboratory standardization, harmonization, and conformity to opinion within clinical laboratories (DOI: 10.1080/10408363.2019.1615408).

The Benefits of Standardization and Harmonization

The drive toward standardization and harmonization in clinical laboratories is primarily justified by the positive impact on patient care outcomes. Consistency in testing methods and procedures ensures that results are comparable across different facilities and regions, thus enabling healthcare providers to make more informed, reliable decisions about patient care. The interoperability facilitated by these practices improves clinical correlations and reduces the possibility of errors related to variability.

Operational efficiency is another major advantage of standardizing laboratory protocols. It can lead to cost reductions by streamlining processes, minimizing redundancy, and enhancing resource utilization. This optimization of laboratory operations is critical in the context of cost-effective healthcare delivery.

The Risks of Managerial-driven Conformity

Despite these clear advantages, the review cautions against an overzealous pursuit of standardization, especially if it borders on conformity for conformity’s sake – what the authors term as “conformity to opinion.” Such practices can undermine the clinical lab’s ability to provide tailored, individualized patient care, which is a cornerstone of modern-day precision medicine.

One highlight of these risks is the potential for system failure in response to unforeseen challenges. A one-size-fits-all approach might not always incorporate the flexibility needed to address unique or rare conditions. Moreover, the standardized methods may not necessarily be the best practice for all scenarios, leaving healthcare providers at a disadvantage when a tailored approach is required.

Furthermore, the imposition of a unified methodology without consideration for local nuances, expertise, or specific patient contexts could limit the utility of laboratory services. Clinical decisions should be based on evidence and best practice, not merely administrative edicts.

Innovation at a Crossroads

The review by Church and Naugler underscores that innovation within the laboratory system is at risk of being stifled by the relentless drive for conformity by non-medical administration. Advanced technologies and personalized medicine initiatives are critical for the evolution of laboratory services and ensuring that patient care remains at the heart of laboratory work.

Maintaining a balance between business requirements and medical responsibility is key. This equilibrium supports the laboratory’s role in providing the best care possible while also tailoring practice to meet individual patient needs. Progress in clinical laboratory science, therefore, hinges on engaging both sides of the standardization debate to find a collaborative path forward.


The transition towards more standardized and harmonized clinical laboratory services is a complex endeavor that must be navigated with care and consideration for the myriad factors at play. The benefits of such standardization – better patient outcomes, streamlined operations, and reduced costs – are significant. However, the need to avoid rigid conformity and maintain the flexibility to offer personalized patient care is equally crucial.

Laboratory medicine is a field that thrives on precision and customization. Any shifts toward standardization policies must incorporate strong input from medical and scientific professionals to circumvent any potential risks that unduly constrained practices may pose.

As healthcare continues its digital transformation, the challenge will remain to reconcile the demands of resource efficiency with the imperatives of quality and personalized patient care. Seizing the opportunity for intelligent standardization, while promoting innovation and individualized treatment, will demarcate the path to success in the clinical laboratory domain.

The findings and perspectives outlined by Deirdre L. Church and Christopher Naugler bring to the forefront a balanced discourse, charting the course for laboratories to follow amid a dynamic healthcare environment. The full review can be accessed through its DOI: 10.1080/10408363.2019.1615408, offering an in-depth analysis and valuable resource for those involved in the ongoing development of clinical laboratory services.


1. Church, D. L., & Naugler, C. (2019). Benefits and risks of standardization, harmonization and conformity to opinion in clinical laboratories. Critical reviews in clinical laboratory sciences, 56(5), 287-306. DOI: 10.1080/10408363.2019.1615408
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