High blood pressure causes your heart to work harder to pump blood throughout your body. This increases the amount of effort your heart has to do. If you don’t get it treated, it can harm your arteries in the long run. These impacts, in turn, increase your chances of developing heart disease, which increases your chances of developing it.
You will learn about the link between high blood pressure and heart disease as you read this summary. You’ll also learn about the warning signs and symptoms of high blood pressure, how it’s treated, and what you can do to prevent it if you have it.
What Is High Blood Pressure and How Does It Affect You?
Blood is pumped out of your heart and into a network of tubes (arteries) that carry it to various regions of your body. High blood pressure occurs when the force of blood travelling through your blood vessels is too great.
Blood should be able to flow freely via the artery. Certain illnesses and lifestyle choices, on the other hand, can lead your arteries to narrow, become blocked, and cause other issues that make it difficult to move.
When this happens, people’s hearts must use extra energy to transport blood through their arteries. These are the factors that contribute to an increase in blood pressure.
Causes and Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure
Numerous factors might cause your blood pressure to rise, even if only temporarily. Excitement or working out, for example, can temporarily raise your blood pressure.
Some decisions you make or risk factors you may have can cause your blood pressure to rise regularly, or possibly stay high indefinitely.
High blood pressure can be caused by a variety of factors, including having a history of high blood pressure in your family, being African American, being over 55, and being overweight. People who smoke, and those who consume a lot of alcohol, A high-sodium diet and little exercise were two factors that contributed to this.
High blood pressure is caused by those who are not physically active, eat a lot of fat and salt, and smoke. You can’t change your genes or family history, but you can change your lifestyle choices.
Is High Blood Pressure Associated With Heart Disease?
Although high blood pressure does not cause heart disease, it can make it more likely. High blood pressure, on the other hand, can create cardiac problems and weaken or damage your heart, so it’s not a good thing to have.
Cardiovascular disease refers to disorders with the heart and blood arteries as a whole. One of the causes of this condition is hypertension.
When your blood pressure is high, your heart needs to work harder to pump blood from your heart to your body. This can cause the heart to become exhausted over time, resulting in symptoms such as:
- A disorder in which the heart beats too fast is known as atrial fibrillation (irregular, often rapid heart rhythm)
- When the heart is unable to pump enough blood, it suffers from heart failure.
- One or more of your heart valves may work improperly
- Aortic syndrome A severe painful and potentially life-threatening condition.
Other parts of your body might be harmed by high blood pressure. High blood pressure puts you at risk for kidney illness, a heart attack, a stroke, a shortage of oxygen in the brain, heart disease, vascular disease, dementia, eyesight loss, and other brain and body disorders.
Blood Pressure Levels That Are Normal
A cuff and a stethoscope or a monitor are used to take a blood pressure reading. It generates two numbers that are piled on top of each other when it does this.
The number at the top of your blood pressure chart is your systolic blood pressure. The power that your blood exerts on your arteries fluctuates when your heart beats, and this is known as “pulse.” When your heart is at rest, the bottom number, or diastolic pressure, is the force on the walls of your arteries. The number at the bottom of your blood pressure reading is this one.
A normal blood pressure level should be between 120 and 80 mmHg, but not more than that (millimeters of mercury). Your blood pressure is excessively high in this scenario. Even so, depending on how high the readings are, high blood pressure might be at various levels.
The following are the levels of high blood pressure:
120–129 systolic, 80 diastolic, elevated/at risk
Stage 1 hypertension (mild): systolic 130–139, diastolic 80–89
140–179 systolic, 90–119 diastolic hypertension (moderate)
Hypertensive crisis (emergency): systolic pressure of 180 mm Hg, diastolic pressure of 120 mm Hg Warning Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease
For many people, high blood pressure develops on its own without causing any symptoms. It’s known as “the silent killer” because it can cause major health problems before you even realise it and have the opportunity to make changes that will help you maintain a healthy heart.
This is a lengthy procedure. Any symptoms you may be experiencing may be difficult to notice, and they may be mistaken for those caused by other health issues.
As your high blood pressure worsens and causes difficulties in other parts of your body, symptoms will begin to appear. Your heart will be the first to be affected.
- Pain in the chest
- Pressure in the chest
- Breathing problems
- Leg ache
- Anxiety or restlessness
- Wheezing or coughing
- Swelling in your hands, legs, or feet is a common symptom.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, schedule an appointment with your doctor to discuss ways to keep your blood pressure under control.
Treatment and Diagnosis
A doctor who examines you in person is more likely to detect high blood pressure.
A high blood pressure level does not necessarily imply that you will be diagnosed with high blood pressure straight immediately. Instead, your doctor will monitor your blood pressure over time to see if it remains high or drops.
To help you lower your blood pressure, your doctor may advise you to adopt some lifestyle modifications.
Exercising, cutting back on salt, cutting back on fats in your diet, stopping smoking, losing weight, cutting back on alcohol, and managing stress are all lifestyle adjustments that may help you decrease your blood pressure.
At home, you’ll need to monitor your blood pressure. To see if your high blood pressure has caused any difficulties, you may need to have blood work or other testing done.
In some situations, your doctor may recommend that you begin taking one or more of the medications listed below.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), such as Zestril (lisinopril), Vasotec (enalapril), or Capoten (captopril)
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), such as Lopressor (metoprolol), Diovan (valsartan), or Cozaar (losartan)
- Calcium channel blockers, such as Norvasc (amlodipine), Procardia (diltiazem)
- Microzide (hydrocholorthiazide) and Lasix are diuretics (furosemide)
If you have high blood pressure, you should have it checked periodically to see if it remains high. If you have high blood pressure, you can manage it by changing your lifestyle and, in some situations, taking medication.
Preventative Measures for Both Illnesses
This means that high blood pressure and heart disease are not always avoidable. Things like your family background or your age are impossible to change.
The good news is that there are steps you may take to avoid high blood pressure and its negative health consequences.
Avoid smoking, drug use, and excessive alcohol use are examples of things you can do to improve your overall health. You can also maintain a healthy weight by exercising consistently, eating a nutritious food, and maintaining a healthy weight.
It’s critical to speak with your doctor about obtaining frequent health checkups if you have a family history of high blood pressure or heart disease. You can devise a strategy to reduce your risk together.
The fact that your heart has to pump blood with extra effort to transport it through your arteries causes high blood pressure. Heart disease and other cardiovascular disorders, such as a stroke, can occur in people with high blood pressure. This may occur if they do not have it checked.
Over time, the condition deteriorates. You’re unlikely to show any symptoms at first. Even while hypertension is dangerous for your heart and other organs, you will still feel its consequences if you have it for a long period.
If you have uncontrolled high blood pressure, it can have serious consequences for your heart and other organs. This is because high blood pressure is not a cardiac disease in and of itself.
High blood pressure is a disorder that may be extremely harmful to your health and can develop without you even realizing it. Make an appointment with your doctor for frequent health checks if you have a family history of high blood pressure or heart disease.
High blood pressure does not indicate that you have a heart disease on its own, but if left untreated, it can develop into one. Your doctor can advise you on drugs that can help you maintain and lower your blood pressure to a healthy level.